Cultural Media Offered by Penn State Media Sales


Barabaig
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Ethnographic documentary about the Barabaig, a semi-nomadic people who live in northern Tanzania and rely upon cattle for their subsistence. The Barabaig concept of a "cattle complex" with its cluster of cultural behavior patterns is illustrated by payment of a cattle fine by men tried and convicted in a women's court. In addition, a sacrifice of a bull, a Barbaig wedding ceremony, and a boy's circumcision ritual are discussed. Produced by Dr. George J. Klima.
Bathing Babies in Three Cultures (Mead, Bateson)
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Cross-cultural comparisons show the interplay during bathing between mother and child in three different settings: a Sepik River community in New Guinea, an American home, and a mountain village in Bali. From the Character Formation in Different Cultures series. Produced by Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead. F
Bob Moore: Native-American Craftsman
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Documents the work of Bob Moore, a Cherokee Indian craftsman who lives in Boalsburg, Pennsylvania, and practices traditional styles of Native-American leatherwork. Moore creates authentic pieces from start to finish; from tanning the hide to decorating the finished work. Because he is painstakingly faithful to whichever cultural style he is working in, he is able to sell his work to Native Americans who collect articles reflecting their own culture. Minimal narration. Directed and produced by Ben Levin.
Childhood: 1 -- Great Expectations
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Through the observation of twelve families on five continents, this series looks at childhood from a number of perspectives -- personal, scientific, historical, and cultural -- and examines the various influences that shape us as individuals and as members of the families and societies in which we are raised. The first program explores the mutual influence and importance of both "nature" and "nurture," the ongoing interaction of time, place, and biology. Three births -- in Russia, America, and Brazil -- are presented to show how different societies approach this universal, yet unique, experience. Produced by WNET and the Childhood Project, Inc.
The Columbus Legacy: The African-Americans -- Politics and the Press
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This fifteen-part series, produced in conjunction with the Columbus quincentennial, examines the cultural contributions of distinct ethnic groups that settled in Pennsylvania and imprinted aspects of their heritage on the day-to-day life of the Commonwealth. The first program details the beginning of the Pittsburgh Courier, one of the leading black newspapers in the United States, and its impact on the 1932 presidential election. Print material included. Directed and produced by Betsy Hutton for Penn State Television / WPSX-TV.
The Columbus Legacy: The Puerto Ricans -- Art as Cultural Expression
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Looks at past and present difficulties of the Puerto Rican community and surveys their use of traditional art forms as a means of cultural expression. Also shows how art is used as an educational tool at the Taller Puertorriqueno art center.
Cross-Cultural Differences in Newborn Behavior
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Demonstrates some of the research results obtained from the application of the Cambridge Behavioral and Neurological Assessment Scales to normal newborns in hospital nurseries. Indicates that there are standard differences in temperament or behavior among babies from different ethnic backgrounds -- Caucasian, Navajo, Aborigine, African -- and that such differences among humans are biological as well as cultural. Tests include the Moro startle response, the newborn's wailing response, and the infant's ability to control its head and neck muscles. Produced by Daniel G. Freedman.
Dance and Human History
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An introduction to Alan Lomax' research on choreometrics, a cross-cultural method of studying the relationship of dance style to social structure. Demonstrates how dance can be measured using the human geometry of movement, the classification of movement according to one-, two-, or three- dimensionality, and the use of the torso as a single or multiunit.
Exploring Language: Thinking, Writing, Communicating -- Men, Women, and Language
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Social psychologist Jean Berko Gleason and neurologist Richard Restak comment on the biological or cultural origins of the differences in the ways men and women use language.
A Man Called "Bee": Studying the Yanomamo
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Shows how cultural anthropologists do their work. Anthropologist Napoleon Chagnon collects field data and explores some of the personal problems he faced in his work with the Yanomamo Indians of southern Venezuela. Designed as a companion to Chagnon's book. (Ref: Chagnon, N.A., Studying the Yanomamo, NY: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1974.) From the Yanomamo series. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon.
Managing Globally: 1 -- Global Business: An Overview
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This twelve-part series reviews the economic, political, and cultural environment affecting the growth of international marketing, competition, and the management of multinational corporations. The first program examines the expansion of U.S.-owned businesses in the world marketplace, and highlights volume of export sales and the overseas operations of production facilities. Partners in an architectural firm describe projects in Indonesia and Turkey. Host: Fran Dorn. Produced by the University ofMaryland's Office of Instructional Development.
Managing Globally: 3 -- Understanding Cultural Differences
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Suggests that Western business executives need to understand the cultural characteristics of another nationality before approaching a client in that marketplace. Looks at cross-cultural sensitivity training, and provides a brief overview of such training available to companies doing business in the Middle East.
Managing Globally: 4 -- Developing Cultural Sensitivity
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Delves into cultural sensitivity training, which involves "more than the etiquette of presenting a business card." Cultural sensitivity trainers stress the importance of understanding the beliefs and traditions that shape a culture and dictate the thinking and behavior of its citizens.
Managing Globally: 7 -- Researching World Markets
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Underscores the significance of analyzing another market before introducing a U.S. product, and suggests that any product redesign must meet cultural norms, social mores, and customer expectations if the product is to be successful. Japanese businessexperts talk about understanding that country's marketplace.
Managing Globally: 8 -- International Marketing Management
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Highlights the understanding of cultural values, religious beliefs, business taboos, and the meaning of certain words or slogans in another language before designing a marketing campaign for sale of a product or service overseas. Uses print and video advertisements developed for European and Hispanic markets to illustrate international sales strategies.
Mbira dza Vadzimu: Dambatsoko -- An Old Cult Center with Muchatera and Ephrat Mujuru
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One of a series of films examining in detail the use of the traditional African mbira in the cultural life of the Mashona people of Rhodesia. Focuses on Muchatera Mujuru, the leader of one of the few remaining traditional cult centers in Shona country. It shows him as a spiritual man, yet concerned with his waning authority in a changing Rhodesia. Various aspects of the life of his adherents at Dambatsoko are seen, including daily economic activities and ceremonies in the big banya ritual house, at the mutoro hut, at the rushanga shrine, and at a sacrifice. Produced by ethnomusicologists Gei Zantzinger and Andrew Tracey.
Mbira dza Vadzimu: Religion at the Family Level with Gwanzura Gwenzi
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One of a series of films examining in detail the use of the traditional African mbira in the cultural life of the Mashona people of Rhodesia. Establishes the essential religio us background for further films in the series by examining the life of a man in his middle forties. He is seen in politically troubled Salisbury, Rhodesia, where he works as the head of the messengers' pool at Anglo-American. Shows some of his life at work in a western urban town and at home in the tribal lands on the weekend. He hosts an all-night bira, or spirit seance; the main expression of Shona religious ritual, at his home in the country. His sister is the family medium, his grandfather the spirit who possesses her, and the guests members of his family, past and present, and neighbors. Produced by ethnomusicologists Gei Zantzinger and Andrew Tracey.
Mbira dza Vadzimu: Urban and Rural Ceremonies with Hakurotwi Mudhe
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One of a series of films examining in detail the use of the traditional African mbira in the cultural life of the Mashona people of Rhodesia. Focuses on Hakurotwi Mudhe, singer and leader of a professional group of mbira players. An intense and religious man, he is shown in the various kinds of performances -- at an informal urban Friday night bira or nhandaro, at a sacrifice, and at a funeral -- that have made him one of the best known Shona musicians of the area. Produced by ethnomusicologists Gei Zantzinger and Andrew Tracey.
Mbira: Matepe dza Mhondoro -- A Healing Party/
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One of a series of films examining in detail the use of the traditional African mbira in the cultural life of the Mashona people of Rhodesia. Presents a vignette of the music and activities at a healing party held in northeast Rhodesia at the home of a sick woman. A trio of matepe dza mhondoro mbiras is played, under the leadership of Saini Murira, together with rattles, drums, singers, and dancing by two mediums, who interrupt the music to attend to the patient. Produced by ethnomusicologists Gei Zantzinger and Andrew Tracey.
Mbira: Njari -- Karanga Songs in Christian Ceremonies with Simon Mashoko
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One of a series of films examining in detail the use of the traditional African mbira in the cultural life of the Mashona people of Rhodesia. Focuses on Magwenyambira Simon Mashoko, a rural Catholic catechist and njari mbira player famous in Shona country. In addition to the traditional spirit repertoire, he has adapted the mbira successfully for use in the Catholic Church. He is seen moving and performing in both the traditional sphere, at a beer party and a dance party, and also at a catechism class and a Sunday church service held at his home. Produced by ethnomusicologists Gei Zantzinger and Andrew Tracey.
Mbira: The Technique of the Mbira dza Vadzimu
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One of a series of films examining in detail the use of the traditional African mbira in the cultural life of the Mashona people of Rhodesia. Introduces the musical technique and sound of the mbira dza vadzimu, played by Ephrat Mujuru, a leading mbiraplayer. Using animation and freeze-frame techniques, the film includes a demonstration of some of the rhythmic and harmonic elements of the music, of the use of improvisation, of different styles of playing a song, and of the combination of two mbiras in a duet. Produced by ethnomusicologists Gei Zantzinger and Andrew Tracey.ZX
Microcultural Incidents in Ten Zoos
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A program based on a lecture by R.L. Birdwhistell to the American Anthropological Association, demonstrating the context control method for comparative analysis of cross-cultural situations. Short film excerpts illustrate the interaction of members of families with each other and with animals in zoos in England, France, Italy, Hong Kong, India, Japan, and the United States. An epilogue illustrates observer and, particularly, cameraman biases in recording interactional data. Produced by the Eastern Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute. R.L. Birdwhistell and J.D. Van Vlack.
Mohawk Basketmaking: A Cultural Profile
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A visual documentation of the art of basketmaking as practiced by Mary Adams, a nationally recognized Mohawk artist. Step by step she creates a basket, shaving and dying the black ash splints, and then weaving them into intricate designs while narrating the story of her youth and of her people's struggle to survive. The paintings of Iroquois artist Ernest Smith serve to illustrate the historical use of Indian baskets. Filmed at Akwesasne, the St. Regis Reservation in upstate New York. Produced by Frank Semmens.
Peasant Ecology in the Rural Philippines
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Examines the ecology of the rural Philippines, describing the physical environment, housing, and the complexity of relationships among cultural patterns. Looks at the limited technology of village industries and at food production, including wet rice,vegetable, and fruit cultivation. Notes the effect of poor diets on the health and growth of children. Produced by George M. Guthrie of Penn State University.
Professor Erik Erikson: Part 2
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Erikson discusses libido theory, ego identity, identity crisis, positive and negative identity, existentialism, and cross-cultural research. From the Notable Contributors to the Psychology of Personality series. Produced by Richard I. Evans. (Erik Erikson, Psychology)
Songs of the Adventurers
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Spotlights the poetic songs of migrant mine workers from Lesotho, a small independent country surrounded by the Republic of South Africa. Explains that these lengthy narrative songs (difela) are autobiographies that blend the Lesotho heritage with stories about life in the mountains and in the black urban townships. Suggests that despite the social disruption of migrant life, cultural traditions such as difela help preserve a sense of personal and national identity. Narrated by David Coplan. Directed and produced by Gei Zantzinger.
Spirit of Ethnography
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A satire on the basic processes of data gathering in cultural anthropology. Chronicles the field research of a fictitious ethnographer embarking on his first field experience. Spirit of Ethnography presents a humorous view of anthropologists making fun of themselves and classic ethnographic films. Directed by O.M. Watson. Anthropology/Archaeology
Tapir Distribution
More on DVD Version
A prominent Yanomamo headman of southern Venezuela kills a tapir and presents it to his brothers-in-law, who comprise an important political bloc in the village, as a gift designed to reinforce a shaken alliance. Shows the preparation and distributionof meat along dominance and kinship lines. Also see Meat Fight (21770) for cross-cultural comparisons. From the Yanomamo series. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon.
Touching the Future: Anne Taylor
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Anne Taylor, professor in the School of Architecture and Planning at the University of New Mexico, links the success of certain learning environments to their design and states that schools are in a crisis situation when it comes to their structural components. She maintains that schools must be viewed as three-dimensional textbooks of natural and cultural concepts that are user-friendly and that provide movement.
The Turtle People
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Shows how the Miskito Indians of eastern Nicaragua have entered a market economy, pursuing sea turtles not for food, as in the past, but for cash. Ecological and cultural changes provide a case study in cultural ecology, acculturation, and development. Anthropologist: Brian Weiss. Produced by James Ward.
A Death to Pay For: Individual Voices
More on DVD Version
Papua New Guinea has undergone tremendous socio-political upheaval and change in this century. In particular, dramatic cultural shifts occurred from the 1970’s to the 1990’s. A Death To Pay For articulately captures these often painful transitions within a series of interviews following a drunken melee and murder of a young man. 100 page booklet and discussion questions for teachers included.
America's Multicultural Heritage
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The United States has been called a "melting pot" because of the various cultural backgrounds of its inhabitants. A variety of multicultural influences are examined in this timely program. ©1996
Weapons for the Ancestors
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Weapons for the Ancestors focuses on the metal arts of the Shona people of Zimbabwe. It examines iron-smithing and iron-smelting practices from a historical perspective as well as through modern reenactment of ancient techniques. The program further explains how ceremonial knives and axes are of central importance to Shona society. Learn why these Weapons for the Ancestors are, in fact, the Shonas' major form of artistic expression and embody many cultural values unique to these African peoples.
Ancient Hunters: The Archaeological Reconstruction of a Prehistoric Site
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In 1973 workers cut into what would become an archaeological site of extraordinary interest. It was not just a single deposit - three deeply buried cultural layers were gradually defined, one on top of the other. The deepest lay 26 feet below the surface! The remains of bison suggested these were hunting camps or places where bison had been trapped and killed a very long time ago. As excitement grew over the discovery, scientists from other institutions aided in the investigation. Radiocarbon dates showed that the cultural layers dated 6300, 7400, and 8500 years old. An interdisciplinary research team began to work out the complex questions of the climate, terrain, and plant, animal and human life in the region 8000 years before Columbus discovered America. The video traces the history of the project from field excavation through laboratory analysis and highlights the contributions of paleontologists, climatologists, geologists, and palynologists. The excavation sequences intrigue the viewer and lead to revealing discussions and interpretations of an important part of America's heritage.
MULTIcultural Counseling
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Nothing can be more effective in learning than seeing how your actions as a counselor affect your client. It can be especially helpful in ethnically diverse situations. MULTIcultural Counseling explores the tension that can occur in these situations. Why is this two video series so essential to today's counselor and teacher? Because it focuses on the potential barrier between a counselor and client who have different cultural backgrounds. This unique series presents seven different vignettes of multicultural counseling sessions on two convenient videocassettes. Program 1 focuses on situations involving ethnic and racial concerns. Program 2 discusses issues related to religious and gender identity, career, and language. Each vignette (or counselor/client dyad) incorporates the techniques of self-talk -- you hear the thoughts of both the client and counselor -- which heightens the awareness of internal processes that occur during interactions. Understanding what both client and counselor are thinking affects the outcome of the session. This series also includes two carefully structured and detailed Instructor Workbooks. These workbooks discuss specific issues from each vignette and include practical exercises which lead the viewer to a fuller understanding of the influence that differences of culture make in the counseling process. The purpose of MULTIcultural Counseling is to help you and your trainees learn how cultural differences apply to counseling. This program is not just for new counselors, but for all counselors! The MULTIcultural Counseling videos and workbooks are essential in training and retraining today's counselor.
Understanding Terrorism Series Afghanistan: The Lost Generation
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An Ancient Culture drowns in a Sea of Brutality. After enduring twenty-five years of civil strife, a botched occupation attempt and countless calamities, Afghanistan has finally returned to a state of relative-though fragile-calm. Controlled by a violent autocratic regime intent on eradicting personal liberties and forcing society back into the Dark Ages, Afghanistan faces a new set of challenges. Afghanistan: The Lost Generation is not about politics or religion. It is an unflinching look at the atrocities of war, and a personal visit to a nation and a people struggling to survive in the total desperation caused by an almost perpetual state of conflict. In a nation of countless victims, thousands of emotionally and physically crippled survivors-maimed children, widows and silent scholars-struggle to rebuild their lives. Ustad Kamal, a dean of traditional music and a virtuoso of the two-stringed dotar, uses his music to alleviate his pain and fight the cultural genocide destroying his country. Twelve-year-old Bashir lost both his feet in a rocket blast that struck his home and killed his parents, yet he works to provide food for his six surviving brothers and sisters. Nasrullah, a soldier crippled by war, clings to memories of his lost childhood amid the brutal reality of death and destruction. This is the struggle to rebuild a new Afghanistan as seen through the eyes of the lost generation.
Firewood
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Looks at daily wood collecting in the Yanomamo Indian tribe of southern Venezuela: A woman patiently and strenuously chops up a large log for firewood. Graphically demonstrates cultural differences in the concept of "women's work." From the Yanomamo series. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon
Grange Fair--An American Tradition
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Experience one of America's oldest and most famous county fairs through the eyes of key organizers and attendees! A unique Pennsylvania cultural phenomenon, the Centre County Grange Fair is widely regarded as the last remaining encampment fair in the United States. The Grange Fair: An American Tradition examines this celebrated event, which brings nearly 10,000 families and farmers from across the country to Centre Hall, Pennsylvania, each year. Orginally conceived in 1874 as a one-day picnic to introduce rural Pennsylvania farmers and their families to the Grange organization, the fair has grown to become the backbone for the shrinking rural and agricultural communities of Pennsylvania and beyond.
Blood and Oil: The Middle East in World War I
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Except for the Dardanelles/Gallipoli campaigns, the extensive combat operations in the Middle East during World War I have been largely overlooked in documentary programs. Given the historical significance of the Ottoman Empire's demise in 1918, and the ongoing importance of Middle Eastern oil reserves to Western economies, a close study of this conflict provides two important lessons: 1.The Treaty of Versailles, agreed to by the Western Powers in 1919, paved the way for military and political chaos in the Middle East, which continues to this very day. 2.Oil reserves in the Middle East became an important strategic concern for Western Powers, helping to justify their economic, diplomatic and military interference in the region. After the end of World War I, most of the Ottoman Empire was carved up into “spheres of influence”, controlled mostly by the British and French. The remaining territories became the modern state of Turkey in 1923 - after a five-year struggle by Turkish nationalists against Western domination. With little regard for cultural, historical, religious and demographic considerations, the West sponsored the creation of several new nations: Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan and Saudi Arabia. Thus, a “tinderbox” was built from Western greed, igniting a multitude of wars, revolts, coups and military occupations that truly have made the defeat of the Ottoman Empire little more than a hollow victory.


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